Orthopedics is a vital branch of medicine that addresses the ailments and conditions of the musculoskeletal system. This guide offers an overview of orthopedic services and specialties, shedding light on this critical field.
What is Orthopedics?
Orthopedics has ancient origins, with evidence from ancient Egypt and the writings of Hippocrates discussing treatments for bone-related issues.
In today’s healthcare, orthopedics is crucial. It provides solutions ranging from the treatment of fractures to intricate surgeries that ensure proper mobility and function.
Specialties in Orthopedics
Orthopedics is a vast medical specialty encompassing numerous sub-specialties, each dedicated to specific parts of the body or types of conditions.
Experts in this field work closely with athletes, helping them recover from injuries and ensuring they maintain peak performance.
- Common Concerns: Sprains, strains, tendonitis, and stress fractures.
Given the spine’s complexity, spine surgery has become a specialized field within orthopedics.
- Common Concerns: Herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc disease.
Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery
This specialty concentrates on the complexities of the hand, wrist, elbow, and shoulder.
- Common Concerns: Carpal tunnel syndrome, tennis elbow, and rotator cuff tears.
Foot and Ankle Surgery
With the foot and ankle bearing much of the body’s weight, specialists in this area address a myriad of related conditions.
- Common Concerns: Bunions, heel spurs, and ankle instability.
Trauma and Fractures
Orthopedic trauma specialists manage bones and joints injuries due to severe accidents.
- Common Concerns: Compound fractures, dislocations, and traumatic amputations.
Orthopedic services offer a broad spectrum of tailored treatments, methods, and solutions designed specifically for the musculoskeletal system, addressing both preventive and healing needs.
Take a closer look:
Known as arthroplasty, this is a surgical procedure through which a worn-out or damaged joint is swapped with an artificial one.
This action can greatly boost movement and lessen discomfort in those affected.
Arthroscopy is a subtle method where a small viewing device, an arthroscope, is placed inside a joint.
This grants orthopedic experts a clear view to identify and correct joint issues without having to make large cuts.
Orthopedic movement rehab seeks to renew movement, ease pain, and enhance the musculoskeletal system’s strength. It plays a key role after many orthopedic operations.
Modern tools and techniques now allow for surgeries with tinier cuts, leading to quicker healing and fewer issues.
When to Meet an Orthopedic Expert
Knowing the right time to see an orthopedic expert can be tricky. Many delay until pain peaks, but acting early can help avoid more problems and offer better solutions.
1. Ongoing Aches
If you face steady pain in your bones, joints, or muscles for many days, it’s a hint you should get professional guidance. Such discomfort can have many causes, and a specialist can pinpoint the exact issue.
2. Reduced Movement
If you feel your joints are getting stiff or their movement seems limited, it might suggest a deeper issue. Such restrictions can make daily tasks harder to complete and lower your life’s quality.
3. Trouble with Regular Tasks
When everyday actions like going up stairs, opening containers, or just walking become hard, it’s time to get expert advice.
These challenges might come from joint problems, muscle issues, or other orthopedic matters.
4. Soft Tissue Injuries Not Healing
While sprains and similar injuries often heal with rest and home care, if they don’t improve after some days, it’s wise to seek an expert’s opinion.
5. Joint Changes
Any clear shift in how your joints look or are positioned should be noted. Diseases like rheumatoid arthritis can change joint shape, making early action essential.
6. Feeling Wobbly When Moving
If you feel unsure on your feet or fall often, it might be due to issues with your feet, hips, or back. An orthopedic expert can find the underlying problem and suggest treatments.
7. Recent Serious Injury
Any sudden injury causing severe pain, swelling, or visible changes needs immediate medical care. Waiting might make things worse.
8. Sounds Coming from Bones and Joints
Occasional joint noises are normal, but regular grinding or snapping sounds could hint at a more serious problem, like cartilage damage.
9. Pain After Resting
If discomfort or stiffness appears after long rests, like in the morning, it might point to an inflammatory issue, possibly arthritis.
Top-Notch Orthopedics in Baltimore, MD
Orthopedics plays a significant role in healthcare, ensuring that individuals maintain mobility and a good quality of life. Understanding its specialties and services can help individuals make informed decisions regarding their musculoskeletal health.
You can rely on Orthopaedic Associates of Central Maryland for top-notch orthopedics in Baltimore, MD. You can call us today at (410) 644-1880 for any concerns. You can also submit an online request form to book a visit with the best orthopedic surgeon in Baltimore. We also offer physical therapy. We look forward to serving you!